Sol Gabetta © Julia Wesely
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Sol Gabetta © Julia Wesely
Symphony Concert 21
Vienna Philharmonic | Franz Welser-Möst | Sol Gabetta
How it all started: when “artiste étoile” Sol Gabetta performed with an orchestra for the first time, at the tender age of ten, she played Haydn’s Cello Concerto in C major. Her musical partner back then was the Symphony Orchestra of Córdoba, but ever since she has performed the work in the widest variety of situations, whether historically informed or with modern instruments, with small ensembles or large orchestras. “The fact that I can now play it in Lucerne with the Vienna Philharmonic is an honor for me,” she remarks. In the second part of the evening, Franz Welser-Möst will conduct Anton Bruckner’s contrapuntal masterpiece, the Fifth Symphony, which he composed in the mid-1870s. At the time, Bruckner had just been appointed a lecturer at the Vienna University, and he wanted to prove that he was worthy of the position with all manner of polyphonic sophistication. Of course, you don’t have to have studied the art of the fugue to be overwhelmed by Bruckner’s sonic universe. The mighty, climactic waves he wrote into this music make it thrilling for just about any listener.
Wiener Philharmoniker © Richard Schuster
The Vienna Philharmonic is celebrating its 175th birthday in 2017. It was on 28 March 1842 that members of the Imperial Court Opera Orchestra, led by Otto Nicolai in Vienna’s Grand Ballroom, gave the first Philharmonic concert. The principles established then have since remained in place. One is the stipulation that only musicians of the Vienna Staatsoper (the former Court Opera) can become members of the Vienna Philharmonic. Another is that all decisions regarding artistic, organizational, and financial autonomy are made by general assembly. In 1877 the ensemble performed for the first time outside Vienna at the Salzburg Music Festival; in 1900 came the first performance abroad, at the Paris World Exposition, with Gustav Mahler conducting. In addition to Mahler, other composers who have appeared on the podium include Wagner, Verdi, Bruckner, Brahms, and, most notably, Richard Strauss. The list of music directors includes such names as Hans Richter, Felix Weingartner, Wilhelm Furtwängler, and Clemens Krauss. Starting in 1933, the model of a single chief conductor was then abandoned in favor of a close artistic collaboration with outstanding artistic personalities of the time; Karl Böhm, Herbert von Karajan, and Leonard Bernstein in particular have made important contributions to its history. Since being founded, the Vienna Philharmonic has given some 7,000 concerts and performed on all five continents. It has participated in the Salzburg Festival since 1922 and also makes regular appearances at the Vienna Festwochen and Salzburg Mozartwoche and in New York and Japan. This year the musicians celebrate their 60th anniversary at LUCERNE FESTIVAL. Highlights of each season include the New Year’s Concert, which is broadcast in 80 countries, and the Summer Night Concert at Schönbrunn, which is attended annually by up to 100,000 people. Rolex is the exclusive partner of the Vienna Philharmonic.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL (IMF) debut on 1 September 1957 in a program of works by Schumann, Barber, and Beethoven, with Dimitri Mitropoulos conducting.
For further information on this ensemble, visit their homepage at: www.wienerphilharmoniker.at
April 2017Other dates
Franz Welser-Möst © Jennifer Taylor
Since 2002 the Austrian conductor Franz Welser-Möst, who was born in 1960 in Linz, has been Music Director of the Cleveland Orchestra. In addition to their concert series in Severance Hall and at the Blossom Music Center, he also regularly performs with them in New York, Miami, and the cultural centers of Europe. He has meanwhile extended his contract with Cleveland until 2022. Previously Welser-Möst served as Music Director of the London Philharmonic Orchestra (1990 to 1996) and Zurich Opera, with which he was associated for 13 years, from 1995 to 2008; from 2010 to 2014 he served as General Music Director of the Vienna Staatsoper. Welser-Möst enjoys a close collaboration with the Vienna Philharmonic: twice, in 2011 and 2013, he has conducted their famous New Year’s Concert, and he has also led the Philharmonic on tours to the United States, Japan, and Scandinavia, as well as in performances at Lucerne and the BBC Proms, and he has conducted many subscription concerts at the Musik-verein in Vienna. Welser-Möst is additionally a welcome guest artist at the Salzburg Festival, whether with the Cleveland Orchestra or the Vienna musicians. Recently, in the summer of 2016, he led a new production there of Richard Strauss’s late opera Die
Liebe der Danae. In the past season he also performed with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, the Dresden Staatskapelle, and the Filarmonica della Scala, as well as at the concert honoring the year’s Nobel Prize winners in Stockholm. For his discography Welser-Möst has received numerous awards, including the Gramophone Award, the Diapason d’Or, the Japanese Record Academy Award, and, in the fall of 2015, the Echo Klassik Award for his live DVD recording of Der Rosenkavalier at Salzburg. Franz Welser-Möst is an Honorary Member of the Vienna Singverein and holds the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL (IMF) debut on 26 March 1999 leading the Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra in Mahler’s Sixth Symphony.
August 2016Other dates
Sol Gabetta © Marco Borggreve
The cellist Sol Gabetta, who was born in 1981 to French-Russian parents in Córdoba, Argentina, studied at the Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofia in Madrid, with Ivan Monighetti at the Basel Academy of Music, and with David Geringas at the Hanns Eisler Academy of Music in Berlin. In 2004 she won the Credit Suisse Young Artist Award, which enabled Gabetta to make her debut with the Vienna Philharmonic at LUCERNE FESTIVAL. Ever since then she has partnered with such leading ensembles as the Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, the Orchestre National de France, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, the Bolshoi Orchestra of Moscow, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the London Philharmonic, and the Philharmonia Orchestra. In 2014 Gabetta made her debut with the Berlin Philharmonic when she performed at the Baden-Baden Easter Festival under Sir Simon Rattle. In the 2015-16 season she appeared for the first time with the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Houston Symphony Orchestra. She has additionally concertized with the Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra and the St. Petersburg Philharmonic and has undertaken tours with the Orchestre de Paris, the Ensemble Il Giardino Armo-
nico, and the Rotterdam Philharmonic. Sol Gabetta is a passionate chamber musician as well. She runs her own festival, which is called “SOLsberg,” at the monastery church Olsberg in the Rhine Valley. In May and June 2016 the 11th edition of the festival took place; there she has performed with such colleagues as the violinist Patricia Kopatchinskaja, the violist Amihai Grosz, the clarinetist Sabine Meyer, and the pianist Bertrand Chamayou. Her recordings have won no fewer than four Echo Klassik awards. Since 2005 Sol Gabetta has been teaching at the Basel Academy of Music. She plays a cello built by Giovanni Battista Guadagnini in 1759.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL debut on 29 August 2001 in a concert of works by Penderecki, Schubert, Vasks, and Tchaikovsky.
August 2016Other dates
18.30 | Introduction to the Concert (in German) with Susanne Stähr | KKL Lucerne, Auditorium