Daniil Trifonov © Dario Acosta/DG
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Daniil Trifonov © Dario Acosta/DG
Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev © V. Baranovsky
Symphony Concert 22
Mariinsky Orchestra | Valery Gergiev | soloists
The fate of a migrant. In 1918 Sergei Prokofiev, who was repulsed by the violence and economic decline following the October Revolution, left his Russian homeland. He made his way via Japan and Hawaii to San Francisco, to the “golden West.” Yet neither the USA nor France, where he lived beginning in the 1920s, gave him what they had promised. Prokofiev felt misunderstood and declared: “I have to go back. I need to talk to the people who are of my own flesh and blood so that they will give me what I’m lacking here: their songs, my songs.” In 1936 Prokofiev therefore settled in Moscow for good, in Stalin’s Soviet Union. But he did not find his peace there either, as he was pilloried by the system: as a decadent, formalist composer. Valery Gergiev and three prominent pianists, among them Daniil Trifonov, will retrace Prokofiev’s travels across the globe as they play all five of his piano concertos in one single evening: a real Festival event!
Mariinsky Orchestra © Natasha Razina
The Mariinsky Orchestra ranks among Russia's oldest ensembles. It was founded in 1783 in St. Petersburg, during the reign of Catherine the Great, as the court orchestra. In the second half of the 19th century, the orchestra was substantially shaped by Eduard Nápravník, who regularly conducted from 1863 until 1914 and who also led the concerts of the Imperial Russian Music Society for many years. The ensemble’s extraordinary quality attracted musicians from all over the world, including such composers as Hector Berlioz, Richard Wagner, Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Gustav Mahler, and Sergei Rachmaninoff and conductors like Hans von Bülow and Arthur Nikisch. Many milestones of the repertoire have been premiered by the Mariinsky Orchestra, including operas and ballets by Glinka, Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Shostakovich, and Khachaturian. In 1935, during the Soviet era, the ensemble and its regular house (the Mariinsky Theater) were renamed the Kirov Orchestra and the Kirov Theater, respectively, after the murdered Leningrad Secretary of the Communist Party. The original names were reactivated after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Vladimir Dranishnikov, Ariy Pazovsky, Evgeny Mravinsky, Konstantin Simeonov, and Yuri Temirkanov number among the conductors who decisively shaped the Mariinsky Orchestra in the 20th century. Since 1988 the orchestra has been led by Valery Gergiev, who has significantly expanded its repertoire and also performed such previously overlooked composers as Stravinsky, Messiaen, Dutilleux, Henze, Shchedrin, Gubaidulina, and Kancheli; Gergiev has especially become known for leading his musicians in regular performances around the world, from the most important festivals to the major music centers. Since 2009 the orchestra has released its recordings on its own Mariinsky hosue label.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL debut on 20 August 2000 in works by Bartók, Scriabin, and Mussorgsky/Ravel conducted by Valery Gergiev.
May 2017Other dates
Valery Gergiev © Marco Borggreve
Valery Gergiev, who was born in 1953 in Moscow and grew up in the Caucasus, studied at the Leningrad Conservatory of Music with Ilja Musin and launched his career in 1977 when he won the Karajan Competition in Berlin. The following year he began his collaboration with the Kirov Opera, now known as the Mariinsky Theater, where he made his debut with Prokofiev’s War and Peace. Gergiev was named Artistic Director in 1988 and General Director in 1996; this position is associated with his leadership of the Stars of the White Nights and New Horizons Festivals as well. With the Mariinsky Ensemble he has toured to such countries as Japan, China, Israel, and the United States, as well as all of the leading European music centers. In 2006 he dedicated a new concert hall in St. Petersburg that is was constructed specifically for the Mariinsky Orchestra; this was followed in 2013 by the opening of a second, new opera house. In 1994 Valery Gergiev made his debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, where he served as First Guest Conductor from 1997 to 2008. During this period, from 1995 to 2007, he also helmed the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, and from 2007 to 2015 he was Music Director of the London Symphony Orchestra. Since the fall of 2015 Gergiev has held the position of Music Director of the Munich Philharmonic. He has led the Boston, Chicago, and San Francisco Symphonies, the Cleveland and Philadelphia Orchestras, the Berlin and Vienna Philharmonics, and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam.Along with serving as Chairman of the International Tchaikovsky Competition and the Moscow Easter Festival, he leads the World Orchestra for Peace. Among Valery Gergiev’s numerous distinctions are the Shostakovich Award and the People's Artist of Russia Award; in 2006 he received the Polar Music Prize and the Karajan Music Award.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL debut on 20 August 1999 with the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra in works by Kancheli and Beethoven.
May 2017Other dates
Behzod Abduraimov © Christian Fatu
Born in 1990 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Behzod Abduraimov began playing piano at the age of five and initially studied under Tamara Popovich at the Uspensky State Music Academy in his native city. In 2007 he transferred to the International Center for Music, Park University in Kansas City, where he completed his degree under Stanislav Ioudenitch. In 2009 Abduraimov’s performance of Prokofiev’s Third Piano Concerto brought him victory in the London International Piano Competition, and he won the Kissinger Piano Competition in 2010. Since then he has concertized with many internationally acclaimed orchestras, including the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, and the Munich Philharmonic, working with such conductors as Vladimir Ashkenazy, Valery Gergiev, Manfred Honeck, Vladimir Jurowski, and Vasily Petrenko. In the 2016-17 season he has performed with the Houston and Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestras, the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra, the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal, and the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra. Abduraimov holds the prominent position of “Junger Wilder” at the Konzerthaus Dortmund until the summer of 2018. He has also been a guest recitalist at such venues as Carnegie Hall in New York and the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées in Paris and at the Aspen, Verbier, and La Roque d’Anthéron festivals. His debut CD of works by Saint-Saëns, Prokofiev, and Liszt, which appeared in the fall of 2012, received the Choc de Classica and the Diapason Découverte. His most recent release is of piano sonatas by Prokofiev and Tchaikovsky with the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI led by Juraj Valčuha.
Daniil Trifonov © Dario Acosta/DG
The Russian pianist Daniil Trifonov, who was born in 1991 in Nizhny Novgorod, began piano lessons at the age of five. In 2000 he started training under Tatiana Zelikman at the Gnessin Academy of Music in Moscow, transferring to study with Sergei Babayan at the Cleveland Institute of Music in 2009. In 2011 Trifonov won the Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition in Tel Aviv before becoming the victor at the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow, where he took both first prize and the Grand Prix. Valery Gergiev, Chairman of the Jury of the Tchaikovsky Competition, immediately invited him to perform with the Vienna Philharmonic, the Mariinsky Orchestra, and the London Symphony Orchestra. Since then Trifonov has been a regular guest artist with the world’s most acclaimed orchestras. In the 2016-17 season he was a “Capell-Virtuos” with the Staatskapelle Dresden and also appeared with that ensemble at the Salzburg Easter Festival and on a European tour including stops in Madrid, Paris, and Vienna. He has concertized with the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Berlin and Munich Philharmonics, the Mariinsky Orchestra, the Filarmonica della Scala, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the Boston and Chicago Symphonies; at the beginning of August, he played at the Salzburg Festival with the Vienna Philharmonic. To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Anne-Sophie Mutter’s stage debut, he joined with the violinist for concerts at the Salzburg and Baden-Baden festivals. Daniil Trifonov is also a composer: in April 2014 he gave the world premiere of his First Piano Concerto in Cleveland. His most recent CD release, which appeared in the fall of 2016, is of Liszt’s Études d’exécution transcendante. In 2016 Trifonov received the Royal Philharmonic Society Award and was named Artist of the Year by Gramophone magazine; in 2017 he won the Karajan Music Prize.
LUCERNE FESTIVAL debut on 21 November 2012 performing Scriabin’s Second Piano Sonata, Liszt’s B minor Sonata, and the Préludes of Chopin.
May 2017Other dates
Sergei Redkin, who was born in 1991, comes from Krasnoyarsk in Siberia. He began learning piano at the age of six at the State Music Academy and also took lessons early on in improvisation and composition. In 2004 he moved to St. Petersburg, where he began his studies at the Rimsky Korsakov Conservatory, initially in its special school for the highly gifted; starting in 2009 he became a regular student in the class of Alexander Sandler. Under Alexander Mnatsakanyan, one of the last pupils of Shostakovich, he continued his composition studies. With a scholarship from the House of Music in St. Petersburg, Redkin took part several times, starting in 2011, in the International Piano Academy Lake Como, where he collaborated with such musicians as Dmitri Bashkirov, Peter Frankl, and Fou Ts’ong. He won the International Maj Lind Piano Competition in Helsinki in 2012, the International Prokofiev Competition in St. Petersburg in 2013, and the bronze Medal at the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow in 2015. Valery Gergiev subsequently engaged him to perform with the Mariinsky Orchestra in Paris, New York, and Mexico and invited him to participate in a Prokofiev marathon as part of his MPHIL 360° Festival in Munich, where Redkin played the composer’s last two piano sonatas in November 2016. He has appeared in recitals and as a chamber musician not only in Moscow, St. Petersburg, and various other Russian cities but also in Germany, Austria, France, Poland, Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland. Credits in the 2016-17 season have included performances at the Vienna Hofburg, the National Auditorium in Madrid, and the Théâtre des Variétés in Monaco. Sergei Redkin has presented several compositions of his own to date, particularly piano and chamber music works, including a string quartet and a wind trio.